Carpet Fibers and Styles

Carpet Fibers:

Fibers are the basic material of the carpet’s makeup. 90% is synthetic fiber, and the rest is natural fiber, mostly wool. Synthetic fibers are made up of one of three materials: nylon, polypropylene or polyester.

Nylon

  • 75% is made of nylon
  • leader in performance, appearance retention, fade and heat resistance, soil and stain resistance, color and styling
  • highest performance nylon is Type 6.6 for more resistance to stain penetration
  • All Stainmaster Carpets are made of Type 6.6 Nylon!

Polypropylene

  • not as resilient or resistant to abrasion as nylon
  • naturally resistant to stains, fading, and moisture
  • most often used in loop pile constructions

Polyester

  • well accepted for bulkiness, color clarity, and good stain and fade resistance
  • not as resilient as nylon

Wool (Natural Fiber)

  • ranges in color from off-white to black, with many earthen tones between
  • doesn’t stand up to abrasion and moisture as well as synthetics, but cleans well and is known to age gracefully
  • wool is the most expensive carpet fiber and represents less than one percent of the U.S. carpet market

Carpet Styles:

There are six basic styles of carpet: textured, saxony or plush, frieze, cable, looped, and cut & loop. Each style has its own characteristics and performance capabilities.


Textured

  • very popular cut pile carpet with a casual look
  • hides footprints and vacuum marks
  • great for all areas in the home, especially for active families
  • available in a broad range of prices


Saxony

  • formal, traditional and elegant looks
  • smooth, soft, velvet plush with a luxurious feel
  • uniform twist and finish
  • good for master bedrooms, dining rooms or formal living rooms
  • not a good choice for high traffic areas or active kids
  • shows footprints and vacuum marks


Frieze

  • cut pile style with a high twist level
  • has a textured surface with a knobby appearance
  • durable, wears well, and hides footprints
  • performs well in high-traffic areas, anywhere in your home
  • available in various pile heights for different looks


Cable

  • constructed of thicker, typically longer yarn
  • very comfortable underfoot
  • better suited for rooms/areas without a lot of activity
  • can matte and crush with heavy foot traffic


Looped

  • referred to as berber
  • big bulky yarns produced in a level loop or multi-level loop
  • made out of olefin fiber; some made with nylon or a blend of various fibers
  • highly durable and ideal for casual, active family rooms
  • comes in solid colors, berber fleck, patterns with varying levels of loops
  • hides traffic patterns well
  • may make seams more apparent and backing is more visible on stairs


Cut & Loop

  • combination of cut and looped yarns that crate pattern effects by the variation in surface textures
  • also referred to as patterned carpet
  • low profile performs well
  • seams are sometimes more visible
  • available in many patterns like fun geometrics and formal botanicals
  • distinctive carved appearance and multiple colors
  • hides stains and stands up to traffic